Institute Of National Importance
- An Institute of National Importance is an institution which serves as a pivotal player in developing highly skilled personnel within the specified region of the country. So, these all institutions are largely providing their expertise to develop diligent, knowledgeable and skilled personnels for a specified region. But these definitions are often made elusive by the use of different controlling government authorities like UGC/AICTE/MHRD’.
The INI’s are further divided into four major subdivisions;
- All India Institutes of Medical Sciences. (7)
- National Institute of Technology. (28)
- Indian Institutes of Information Technology. (4)
- Indian Institute of Technology (22)
- Institute of National Importance gets special recognition and funding from the Government of India. These all institutions are marked as the milestone in the education scenario of India and thus have the privilege of being the Institutions of National Importance.
- But a point to ponder over and of indispensable importance is this fact that there are certain institutions that are left out of having such privilege. These Institutions are also shaping skilled and diligent individuals who all are equally providing their expertise and skill towards the overall development of our country as their counterparts in other Institute of National Importance are contributing. One of these institutions that are facing such discrimination in the country where principles of equality are largely professed to be cherished in all spheres of life is the National Law Universities. There are 21 National Law Universities that are providing legal education throughout India. The first such autonomous institution was National Law School, Bangalore often referred to as ‘Harvard of the East’ started the movement of reformation in legal education in India. It’s very first batch that started in 1987 symbolizes the start of such novel reform movement that’s the main objective was to transform the traditional legal educational structure to the modernized one having the competence to challenge the other world-class legal institutions. Our National Law Universities have earned laurels to India for winning different recognized and important world moot court competitions including the Jessop’s Moot Court Competition that is world known as the world cup of moot court competitions.
- But such reform movement and progress is gradually slowed down by some of the inherent institutional and controlling measures that these institutions have from their very inception. These universities are regulated under the guidelines of University Grant’s Commission. All their activities come under the ambit of UGC and Bar Council of India. Other constraining force that affects their development is that of the funding and control by respective state governments. Some National Institutions such as that of NUSRL, Ranchi is facing problems of lack of sufficient support or fund from the Jharkhand Government. That affects its institutional growth and the education that it aims to render.
- Thus the need for an endorsement by the central government and full autonomy from the ambit of UGC is need of the hour. This can only be achieved when a central act is passed granting all the National Law Universities the privilege of being Institutions of National Importance, so that they can impart class legal education for all the legal fraternity that can benefit from their skilled efforts and knowledge.
- An initiative was taken by a law student Debutta Bose pursuing his BA LLB at DSNLU; Vizag drafted a bill to provide an INI status to all National Law Universities. That will bring all these NLU’s under central supervision and control rather than having different influencing authorities at various state levels. These efforts can only be responded with better results when all the national law universities take a unified approach and make the said bill pass in the central legislature.
- Only through all these unified attempts, a better future for legal fraternity can be ensured with better and improvised conditions with no lack of transparency, funding, and administration.